Censor, as used on the web.
I'll begin by pointing out that the phrases government censorship
and governmental censorship can be found via Web search. If only
governments can censor, then these phrases would be redundant, wouldn't
they? Actually, they are examples of
phrases that come into being when a word acquires a new meaning and a
qualifier is needed to distinguish between the old and the new. The
Free On-Line Dictionary Of Computing
defines a retronym as...
A term invented to distinguish a subclass of things from new members
of the superclass, where the distinction was previously not necessary,
since the old subclass had been all there was of the superclass.
A classic example is the manual transmission. In the early days
of automobiles, all transmissions were manual. A transmission was a
transmission; nobody ever said manual transmission. Then automatics
came along, and eventually, in the USA, became the default for cars and
light trucks. Now if you want manual, you must say so!
In a similar fashion, the phrase parental censorship is found to
be quite common on the Web. If only governments can censor, then what
is parental censorship?
Here are a few illustrative links...
Preliminary Response to the DEET paper "Development of a Business Plan for Education Network Australia"
For the purpose of discussion, Hedland College...
"If a parent decides that a child should have access from home to
material that a school prohibits, that is the parent's decision.
The educational system has no part in that parent's decision. It
is entirely analogous to the parental censorship of TV and
written material within the home."
Little Agreement on Plan for Rating TV Programs (New York Times, 26 February 1996)...
"To that end, advocates of ratings codes try to call them 'labels' and
useful supplementary information for parents, rather than crude blocking
devices leading to parental censorship."
The Age (Melbourne) - Education...
TrueBlue PC DVD - Specification
"And is it the parent's fault, in failing to provide censorship, or
, when children watch television, video or films that
could lead them to anti-social behavior?"
"Parental censorship is a difficult area."
"Such censorship by parents or by adults in general has problems..."
Television and Popular Culture
- DVD-Navigation and Video Playback Control
- Supports Wide-Screen, Letterbox and Pan/Scan Viewing aspect ratios
- Supports all DVD features including Multiple Camera angles, 8 language sound tracks and 32 xSubtitles
- Parental Censorship, Chapter Access, Direct JumpTo
HONR 3800 3 credit hours, Professor Meg Moritz...
"This includes an examination of the complex interplay among writers,
producers, program executives, network censors
and advocacy groups."
[Ah, another! Network Censors!]
"In past projects, for example, students have investigated gender
differences among college students in the use of the remote control;
the use of television by the elderly; and parental censorship
in the program viewing of second graders..."
"In addition to InTOUCH TV Koplar Interactive Systems International
provides advanced television services such as program and commercial
verification, interactive television and telephony, and ratings
lock-out/parental censorship by encoding current broadcast,
cable and satellite television signals with digital information."
Harold L. HEARN, Plaintiff, v. P. J. MORRIS and Donald Butterfield, Defendants.
No. Civ. S-79-304 RAR. United States District Court, E. D. California. Nov. 20, 1981...
Gov't censorship of internet, e-mail should be unacceptable
"Given the foregoing principles, the question becomes one of the
extent to which prison officials may restrict inmate correspondence
with minors to facilitate parental censorship
[And that's from almost two decades ago, pre-Web!]
Western Herald Online Edition, 13 January 1997...
Harbrace: English: Holt Handbook, 5e: Student
"This would force the dirty work of censorship on U.S. online service
"There are several internet services that provide parental censorship.
Net Nanny and Cyber Patrol are two of the most popular."
"Your claim or thesis might be as follows: To restrict children's
access to Internet pornography, parents can actively censor
the type of information their children can access on the Internet by
engaging in and supervising their children's use of the Internet or
by purchasing and using available software that blocks out particular
Internet content. Following some background on the problem of the
availability of Internet pornography to children, this claim clearly
indicates that two methods of parental censorship will be
discussed, what these two methods are, and in what order these
methods will be discussed."
DVD Filter Gives Parents Final Cut...
"Beyond the moral issues of parental censorship, artists were
concerned about losing creative control over their work if a company
mapped their work without permission."
Thinking Straight: Reading, Writing, and Grammar,
chapter 17 of
The Well-Trained Mind: A Parents' Guide to Classical Education
by Jessie Wise and Susan Wise Bauer...
"We're strong believers in parental censorship."
Violence In Programming: Is It Protected Speech?
by Craig R. Smith, Professor of Communication Studies and Director of
the Center for First Amendment Studies at California State University,
[the terms governmental censorship and parental
censorship are used in this document]
SurfControl Company Story...
[the term governmental censorship is used in this document]
PICS, Censorship, and Intellectual Freedom FAQ...
"People also employ different definitions of censorship. The most
expansive definition is, any action by one person that makes otherwise
available information unavailable to another person
. Under this
expansive definition, even a parent setting filtering rules for a
child would count as censorship
. PICS documents have adopted the more
restrictive definition of censorship as actions that limit what an
individual can distribute
, and use the term 'access controls' for
restrictions on what individuals can receive. But the distinction blurs
if a central authority restricts access for a set of people."
[And that's from the people who invented PICS! Remember PICS? I
think that Mensa should accept their definition as being rather
authoritative, don't you?]
9 Decembro 2000 modifita, de Ailanto verkita.