pensoj aliatagaj


La penso de la tago
a.out
Adverbs
Ain't
Apatosaurus
B
Bacon and eggs
Be
Cellphones
Chad
The Chewing-Gum Tree
Christmas
Coal Heat
Dates Down And Up
Days Were Shorter Back Then
Demando de Eŭklido
Denarius
Deutsch als Wunsch-Sprache der Amerikaner?
DOS2000
Eads Bridge
Gender vs. Sex
Global Positioning System Y2K-1 Problem
Hogging
Honesteco
Mazes
Medical Care A Good Thing?
Microsleep
Miljara Paco
Milky Way
Mimbres River Bowls
Mocking Bird
Nursery Rhymes
Ohio Valley 1660-1730
Pangea, the supercontinent
Pilipino
Product Suffixes
Pudding-Haut
Römische Ziffern und das Zifferblatt
Rossby Waves
Sleep Deprivation
Steering Risk
Stone Age Chewing Gum
Stonehenge
Synthetic vs. Analytical Languages
Thief of Time
Titanic: Death rates by class and sex
Tortillas
Verkehrsampel
Viroj kaj militiroj
Your Money Or Your Life
Zen Flies

a.out

Thompson's PDP-7 assembler outdid even DEC's in simplicity; it evaluated expressions and emitted the corresponding bits. There were no libraries, no loader or link editor: the entire source of a program was presented to the assembler, and the output file - with a fixed name - that emerged was directly executable. (This name, a.out, explains a bit of Unix etymology; it is the output of the assembler. Even after the system gained a linker and a means of specifying another name explicitly, it was retained as the default executable result of a compilation.)

Source: The Development of the C Programming Language - Dennis M. Ritchie

Adverbs

The -ly ending which is now so characteristic of adverbs was originally a noun, lic, meaning body or shape. From it we get the word like - of the same shape. It then came to be used to make adjectives from nouns, usually in the weakened form of -ly. Thus manlike and manly are of identical origin. When the original meaning had been more or less forgotten, the ending was also used to make secondary adjectives from existing adjectives. Thus we find glædlic along with glæd (glad) and even fæstlic along with fæst. The Anglo-Saxons often used the instrumental cases of these words - either the simple or the compound ones - to modify verbs and adjectives as well as nouns. They could thus say either "He sang glæde" or "He sang glædlice". Grammarians often say that this caseform "developed into an adverb", but there was no perceptible development; our ancestors were simply broadminded about their modifiers.

During the Middle English period the feeling somehow arose that the -ly ending was the natural way to form adverbs, and the general pattern for such pairs as beautiful-beautifully was firmly set. Some old adjectives in -ly remained, and still do - manly, friendly, goodly, and so forth; and the adverbial use of some of the short forms such as fast and hard continue to be recognized...

Source: The Roots of Modern English - L.M. Myers

Ain't

Eighteenth-century users [of the English language] had a greater choice of contractions than [we do] now. As well as can't, don't, isn't, and the like, there was han't (sometimes hain't) for have not and an't for are not and am not. An't, first recorded in 1723 in print in America though probably older, evolved in two directions. Rhymed with taunt, it took on the spelling aren't (the r being silent, as it still is in British English). Rhymed with taint, it took on the spelling ain't. There was nothing intrinsically superior in one form or the other, but critics gradually developed a distaste for ain't.

Source: Made in America - Bill Bryson

Apatosaurus

Apatosaurus is not as well known as Brontosaurus, but they are one and the same animal. Brontosaurus was well known because several relatively complete skeletons of gigantic proportions had been found and displayed worldwide. However it was later found that the fossils named Brontosaurus were identical to those of Apatosaurus, which had been named earlier. Under the rules of nomenclature, an animal can have only one name— the first published one. Brontosaurus, therefore, is no more.

Source: A Guide to Dinosaurs - Brochu, Long, McHenry, Scanlon, Willis, and Brett-Surman

Bacon and eggs

If we had some bacon, we could have some bacon and eggs, if we had some eggs.

B

Challenged by McIlroy's feat in reproducing TMG, Thompson decided that Unix - possibly it had not even been named yet - needed a system programming language. After a rapidly scuttled attempt at Fortran, he created instead a language of his own, which he called B. B can be thought of as C without types; more accurately, it is BCPL squeezed into 8K bytes of memory and filtered through Thompson's brain. Its name most probably represents a contraction of BCPL, though an alternate theory holds that it derives from Bon [Thompson 69], an unrelated language created by Thompson during the Multics days. Bon in turn was named either after his wife Bonnie, or (according to an encyclopedia quotation in its manual), after a religion whose rituals involve the murmuring of magic formulas.

Source: The Development of the C Programming Language - Dennis M. Ritchie

Be

Old English, spoken from about 400 to 1100, had three verbs for be: beon, esan, and wesan. They probably differed in meaning, with beon referring to permanent states and the other bes to temporary ones [as in the Spanish distinction between ser (permanent) and estar (temporary)]... In the Middle English period (1100-1450) they merged into one verb... Beon supplied the base form for be; esan supplied am, is, and are; wesan supplied was and were.

Source: Words and Rules - Steven Pinker

Cellphones

Researchers have found that the risk of a car crash quadruples during the five minutes after a driver places a call on a cellular phone - about the same hazard as driving at the legal limit of alcohol consumption. Having a phone in the car, they found, did come in handy after the crash.

Source: 1998 Old Farmer's Almanac, page 18

Chad

Perhaps the most surprising outcome of the USA presidential election of November 2000 is that America finally learned the meaning of chad.

Source: Personal Notebooks - William W. Patterson

The Chewing-Gum Tree

On the campus of a small college in the northeast there is an ancient oak known as the "Chewing-Gum Tree". Its trunk, from the base to as high as you can reach, is sheathed in a thick layer of hardened gum wads, the residuum of several decades of ruminating students who disposed of their spent quids by sticking them to the tree.

Source: The Quest, Nov/Dec 1999

Christmas

"Drive carefully", he said as he opened the front door. "This is a Christian country and it's the Saviour's birthday. Practically everybody you see will be drunk."

Source: The Genius and the Goddess - Aldous Huxley

Coal Heat

No fewer than 322 of New York City's 1200-odd public schools are heated by coal... The Board of Education's reliance on this very inefficient and obsolete technology makes it one of the nation's largest single consumers of anthracite.

Source: Invention & Technology, Summer 1996

Dates Down And Up

Now, some said afterward that Mr. Gramm was using humor or sarcasm to make a point.
But with politicians, how can you ever know for sure?...

"Well, it seems to me we ought to be encouraged that in the year 1000 they had to add a new digit, and you had no evidence of economic disruption. And then the millennium before, we had dates going down, and then they started going up, and yet no evidence of disruption or chaos in the economy, so if they could do it then, surely we could deal with it now, it seems to me."

Source: Phil Gramm, Republican Senator from Texas, Humphrey-Hawkins Testimony

Days Were Shorter Back Then

Days were only 18 hours long back in the Proterozoic era, some 900 million years ago. Charles Sonett of the University of Arizona has studied records of ancient tidal deposits preserved in rock strata. Like tree rings, the periodicity of tidal sediments, or tidalites, provide an accounting of ancient times. Sonett's data, collected in Utah, Indiana, Alabama, and Australia, shows that long ago the day was shorter, the year longer, and the moon much closer. As the moon recedes from the Earth (at a rate of 3.8 cm/year) it continues to slow Earth's rotation, thus extending the day further. (C.P. Sonett et al., Nature, 5 July.)

Source: AIP Physics News Update #282

Demando de Eŭklido

Eŭklido demandis iun el siaj lernantoj:
Kiun vi ŝatus havi: du pomojn aŭ iliajn kvar duonojn?
Mi preferas la duonojn, respondis la lernanto.
Kial? Ĉu ne estas egale?
Ne estas! Kiam ili estas tutaj, kiel mi sciu, ĉu ili ne estas vermoplenaj?

Source: Matematiko kaj legaĵoj por ĉiuj, de Arnaudov k Arnaudova
(Citis La Ondo de Esperanto, Julio 2001)

Denarius

...silver denarii, common coins equivalent to pennies in Roman times. Until British currency was decimalized in 1971, "pence" was represented by "d", an abbreviation for denarius...

Source: Archaeology Magazine, Mar/Apr 2000, page 18

Deutsch als Wunsch-Sprache der Amerikaner?

(Washington,dpa) - Es ist offenbar ein Mythos, aber ein höchst lebendiger: "Eine einzige Stimme hat 1776 darüber entschieden, dass Amerika Englisch statt Deutsch spricht", hatte der Schwarzen-Führer Jesse Jackson den Delegierten des Demokraten-Parteitages in Los Angeles zugerufen. Damit wollte er klar machen: Auf jede Stimme kommt es an. Der US-Kongress soll Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts mit nur einer Stimme Mehrheit beschlossen haben, Englisch statt Deutsch zur Amtssprache der USA zu machen. Der Publizist Robert Cullen hat nun in "Washington Post" versucht, den Mythos ein für alle Mal aus dem Weg zu räumen: "In einfachem Englisch (nicht Deutsch): So war es nicht!" 1794 habe eine Gruppe deutscher Einwanderer aus Virgina eine Eingabe an den Kongress gerichtet, dass Bundesgesetze auch in Deutsch gedruckt werden. Am 13. Januar 1795 habe das Repräsentantenhaus darüber debattiert, konnte sich aber nicht einigen. Der Antrag auf Vertagung sei schließlich mit 42 zu 41 Stimmen abgelehnt worden - das falsch interpretierte Votum...

Source: Nordamerikanische Wochen-Post

DOS2000

IBM has launched a new PC DOS 2000 that automatically corrects the two-digit dates that threaten to befuddle older computer systems, and also supports the European Monetary Union's new euro currency symbol -- a management problem that could prove even more troublesome for European businesses than the Y2K problem. According to recent research, there are between 120 million and 150 million people who still use DOS on their desktop machines. "We believe about half of those are business users," says a manager at IBM's Network Computing Software division. That figure doesn't include users of Microsoft Windows 3.1, which includes DOS as a component.

Source: InternetWeek, 27 May 1998

Eads Bridge

The Eads Bridge, as it began to be called even before its completion, had its official opening on July 4, 1874. The years since have demonstrated the worth of Ead's confidence in his own talents and the laws of nature... As a business venture, however, the bridge was a failure... by the time St. Louis completed its bridge, most Midwestern railroads either were owned or controlled in Chicago or already ran through that city and saw no immediate need to route traffic through St. Louis. Without the revenues they had expected, the members of the St. Louis and Illinois Bridge Company found themselves holding a beautiful bridge and millions of dollars worth of debt. They declared bankruptcy in April 1875, not even a year after the grand opening.

Source: Invention & Technology, Spring 1996

Gender vs. Sex

Gender is a grammatical distinction and applies to words only.
Sex is a natural distinction and applies to living objects.
— R. Morris. (Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1996, 1998)

[Gender became a euphemism for sex during the late 1900s. Since English doesn't have sex-based gender, I like to enter None on forms that ask my gender.]

Source: dictionary.com

Global Positioning System Y2K-1 Problem

The GPS user-equipment code is in even deeper trouble because of the Y2K problem, and the breakage will occur well before 1 January 2000. Date, in the GPS signal standard, uses exactly thirteen bits (these bits represent a time-unit offset from a conventional epoch date). This allocation is burned into proms on all existing GPS user equipment. On about 20 August 1999, the actual date value will overflow this 13-bit type, and the equipment will fail to produce correct time or position information. Best estimate is that there are 1,000,000 pieces of user equipment that will be immediately affected. Everybody who depends indirectly on those pieces of equipment (meaning all the rest of us) will also be affected. The GPS standards committee is desperately trying to figure out what to do with the problem.

Remind me not to fly that day!

Source: Risks Digest, Volume 18 Issue 96

Hogging

The warship designer of that period [eighteenth century] was faced with an intractable dilemma: You could have speed, or you could have firepower, but you couldn't have that much of both.

For a ship to remain afloat, a force equal to her weight has to be exerted up against the entire submerged portion of the hull. Over a long time a vessel built of wood, with its characteristic flexibility, will experience a natural bowing up of its keel amidships as a result of the constant hydrostatic pressure on its bottom. The phenomenon is known as hogging since the resulting curvature in the keel resembles the arch of a hog's back.

This upward pressure of buoyancy is constantly at work on a ship afloat, year in, year out. It is greatest at the deepest part of the vessel, the keel. And the keel is weakest where the ship is widest, generally in the midsection. Left unchecked, a vessel will hog until her timbers can flex no more; then they will break, and the ship will sink.

Source: Invention & Technology, Fall 1997

Honesteco

Volapukano diras, ke ĉiu volapukano mensogas.

Mazes

Unlike the mazes in later centuries in which one could easily become lost, these ancient mazes were one continuous path. Typically, the path began at the perimeter of the maze, spiraled in toward the center, then turned and spiraled outward again toward the perimeter.

Source: Wheel of the Year - Pauline Campanelli

Medical Care A Good Thing?

The Harvard biological chemist Lawrence J. Henderson once remarked that somewhere around 1910 the progress of medicine in America reached the point where it became possible to say that a random patient with a random disease consulting a physician at random stood a better than a 50-50 chance of benefiting from the encounter.

Source: The Big Change, by Frederick Lewis Allen

Microsleep

Research is now showing that the alerter is useless. Engineer fatigue studies at the Illinois Institute of Technology show that engineers can enter a sleep-like state called microsleep. The researchers were dumbfounded to learn that engineers acknowledged the alerter far faster during microsleep than when awake. An alert engineer may take a few seconds to acknowledge the alerter while he performs some other task. The engineer in microsleep slaps the button almost immediately. One researcher called it the "not now, dear" syndrome.

Source: Don Phillips, Trains July 1996

Miljara Paco

Serio de teruraj militoj instigis la naciojn al drasta solvo: la starigo de internacie subtenitaj komitatoj kies tasko estis mortigi la estrojn de iuj ŝtatoj kiuj ekmilitis pro iu ajn kaŭzo. Tio tiel sukcese kuraĝigis pacajn solvojn al internaciaj problemoj, ke rezultis jarcentoj de seninterrompa paco, kiujn oni iom troige nomis la Miljara Paco.

Source: Tri rakontoj pri la Miljara Paco - John Francis

Milky Way

The first bar to appear under the MILKY WAY name was created in 1923 and is known today as MILKY WAY ORIGINAL. From 1936 the Mars company also produced a bar known as FOREVER YOURS, which was discontinued in 1979. Due to popular demand FOREVER YOURS was reintroduced in 1989, as MILKY WAY DARK. Consumer studies showed that people didn't consider the chocolate in MILKY WAY DARK to be Dark Chocolate. Because of that, and because Mars wanted to reposition the bar to appeal to a broader audience, it was renamed MILKY WAY MIDNIGHT in 2000.

Source: MILKY WAY FAQ

Mimbres River Bowls

Mimbres [River] bowls [of the Anasazi/Mogollon] seem to have been very personal items, used throughout one's life. They are often found in burials, inverted over the face of the dead person; usually a small hole, called a kill hole, has been deliberately punched through the bottom, as if to ceremonially retire the vessel.

Source: Smithsonian, November 1996

Mocking Bird

The mockingbird is famous for its song. It does not actually imitate other birds, but it has such a varied repertoire of its own that it can vocalize for hours and sound like a whole forest of songbirds.

Source: Wheel of the Year - Pauline Campanelli

Nursery Rhymes

Nursery rhymes, for example, are fastidiously resistant to change... they are sometimes among the longest-surviving features of any language. "Eenie, meenie, minie, mo" is based on a counting system that predates the Roman occupation of Britain, that may even be pre-Celtic... It not only gives us a fragmentary image of how children were being amused at the time Stonehenge was built, but tells us something about how their elders counted and thought and ordered their speech.

Source: Made in America - Bill Bryson

Ohio Valley 1660-1730

For a period of 70 years following its conquest by the Iroquois during the 1660s, the Ohio Valley (Indiana, Lower Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, and western Pennsylvania) was almost entirely uninhabited. The Iroquois never occupied the area but preferred to use it as a private hunting preserve. Freed from the pressure of its former human population, the Ohio Country quickly became a prime hunting territory. Although the Iroquois prevented permanent settlements, small groups of Shawnee returned frequently to the Ohio Valley to hunt, so during their many years of exile, the Shawnee never completely surrendered the claim to their homeland.

Source: Shawnee History (http://www.dickshovel.com/shaw.html)

Pangea, the supercontinent

At various times in the past, all the Earth's landmasses have been joined. One of those periods spans the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras [Triassic Period is first part of Mesozoic Era], when today's continents were joined in the single landmass of Pangea. North America, Europe, and much of Asia formed the northern part of the supercontinent [northern continent Laurasia after breakup which began at end of Triassic Period and continued slowly during Jurassic Period (first two parts (of three) of Mesozoic Era)], and the southern part consisted of South America, Australia, Africa, India, and Antarctica [southern continent Gondwana after breakup].

Source: A Guide to Dinosaurs - Brochu, Long, McHenry, Scanlon, Willis, and Brett-Surman

Pilipino

On November 13, 1937, the First National Assembly approved a law creating a National Language Institute to make a study and survey of each of the existing native dialects, with a view to choosing one which was to be used as a basis for the national language of the Philippines... The Institute selected Tagalog to be the basis of the national language. Thus, on December 31, 1937, President Quezon proclaimed the language based on Tagalog as the National Language of the Philippines... Commonwealth Act No. 570 was promulgated on July 4, 1946, when the independence of the Philippines was granted by the United States. It provides for the use of the National Language as one of the official languages of the Philippines (with Spanish and English) in government offices... In 1961 the office of the Secretary of Education introduced the use of the term Pilipino when referring to the National Language... [Also see my Pilipino Page.]

Source: Basic Tagalog - Paraluman S. Aspillera

Product Suffixes

...products dating from the 1920s and early 1930s often ended in -ex (Pyrex, Cutex, Kleenex, Windex) while those ending in -master (Mixmaster, Toastmaster) generally betray a late 1930s or early 1940s genesis. The late 1940s saw the birth of a brief vogue for endings in -matic.

Source: Made in America - Bill Bryson

Pudding-Haut

Nicht alle mögen diese ledrige Haut, die sich beim Abkühlen auf dem Milchpudding bildet. Diese Haut entsteht, weil an der Oberfläche Flüssigkeit verdampft. Zurück bleiben Stärke und Zucker, und diese Bestandteile bilden die feste Schicht auf dem Pudding. Wollen Sie die Hautbildung verhindern, legen Sie vor dem Abkühlen einfach eine Folie auf den Pudding, so ist das Verdunsten der Flüssigkeit nicht mehr möglich.

Source: Nordamerikanische Wochen-Post, 13. Januar 2001

Römische Ziffern und das Zifferblatt

Warum gibt es Uhren mit falschen römischen Ziffern? Die meistern Uhren haben arabische, römische oder gar keine Ziffern. Bei Uhren mit römischen Ziffern wird die Vier oft als IIII statt IV dargestellt. Der vermeintliche Fehler ist auf einen alte Tradition zurückzuführen. Als im 14. Jhd. die ersten mechanischen Uhren erfunden wurde, konnte ein Grossteil der Bevölkerung weder lesen noch subtrahieren. Da Addieren für das gemeine Volk einfacher war, erschien die Vier auf öffentlichen Uhren als IIII anstatt IV.

Source: 1000 MAL WARUM, Nordamerikanische Wochen-Post

Rossby Waves

Rossby waves are a natural result of the Earth's rotation and a key feature of large-scale ocean circulation. In animations of altimeter data from the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite, the waves appear as alternating positive and negative sea level features traveling throughout much of the world's oceans. "Every first-year student in physical oceanography learns about Rossby waves. However, observing them away from the Equator has been extraordinarily difficult, because they cause changes in sea level of 4 inches spread over hundreds of miles, and move westward so slowly that a wave may take more than ten years to cross the Pacific at the latitude of Los Angeles, and more than 30 years at the latitude of Portland, Oregon," said Dr. Victor Zlotnicki, an oceanographer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA.

Source: RELEASE 96-71 NASA HQ Public Affairs Office

Sleep Deprivation

In the past century, we have reduced our average sleep time by 20%, according to the National Sleep Foundation. When all time clues are removed, people sleep for 10.3 hours per day, the same as monkeys. But the average American, propelled awake by an alarm clock, sleeps only seven. Lack of sleep causes numerous car accidents and countless episodes of crabbiness.

Source: 1999 Old Farmer's Almanac, page 14

Steering Risk

I once heard an airline pilot give a talk where he said that he always has his wife drive him home from the airport when he is done flying for the day. The reason for this was that when a plane is on the ground, the rudder controls (which are foot pedals) are used for steering, and the "steering wheel" of the plane is not used at all. This pilot said that on more than one occasion he came close to having an accident in his car because he instinctively tried to steer with his feet.

Source: Risks Digest, Volume 17 Issue 74

Stone Age Chewing Gum

Teens have been chewing gum since the Stone Age, according to research published in British Archaeology. Black lumps of prehistoric tar with small human tooth impressions were found in northern Europe dating from about 7000 B.C. British researcher Elizabeth Aveling says the gum, made from birch bark tar, had a "strange, smoky flavor".

Source: USA Today

Stonehenge

As recently as a hundred years ago, tourists visiting Stonehenge expected to knock out chips from the slabs to take home as souvenirs. For this purpose, a handy mallet was suspended by a rope from one giant upright.

Source: Smithsonian, September 1996

Synthetic vs. Analytical Languages

Old English differs from Modern English not only in its sounds and its vocabulary, but in the way in which the words are put together to form sentences. The difference is often summarized by the statement that English has developed from a synthetic to an analytical language. A synthetic language is one in which the relations of words are shown primarily by their inflectional forms. An analytical language is one in which differences in form have largely disappeared, and relations are shown primarily by word-order, supplemented by such "function words" as prepositions and auxiliary verbs.

Source: The Roots of Modern English - L.M. Myers

[ Analytic is also known as isolating. Agglutinative is a middle way— See Morphological typology. ]

Thief of Time

Procrastination is the thief of time. (Edward Young, 1683-1765)

Punctuality is the thief of time. (Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900)

Titanic: Death rates by class and sex

  Male . . .   Female . . .
1st Class . . .   66% 3%
2nd Class . . .   92% 16%
3rd Class . . .   88% 45%

Source: Women Can't Hear What Men Don't Say - Warren Farrell

Tortillas

Spanish tortilla is an omelet; only in Mexican cuisine is it a flat round bread made from cornmeal.

Source: Dictionaries and personal experience

Verkehrsampel

Warum gibt es bei Verkehrsampeln verschiedene Farben? Ampeln gab es schon vor den Autos, doch die erste Verkehrsampel in unserem Sinne stand vermutlich in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Die Farben wurden von der Eisenbahn übernommen. Dort bedeutete rot soviel wie anhalten und grün freie Fahrt. Manche Ampeln waren in den fünfziger Jahren noch horizontal angeordnet. Doch die gegenwärtige vertikale Lage ist eine Hilfe für farbenblinde Menschen, um so eine bessere Orientierung zu ermöglichen. Außerdem ist zur leichteren Unterscheidung dem Rot in der Ampel etwas Orange, und dem Grün etwas Blau beigemischt.

Source: 1000 MAL WARUM, Nordamerikanische Wochen-Post

Viroj kaj militiroj

... komentistoj kaj aliaj ne interesiĝas pri la sorto de viroj: certe ne, se la viroj estas soldatoj. Soldatoj, kiuj mortas en milito, ne estas viktimoj. Se propraj, ili estas sennomaj herooj, se malamikaj ili meritas la morton. La popolo ne priploras ilin. Neniu krom intimuloj konscias, ke ankaŭ ili estas patro, filo, amato. Ili ne estas homoj. Ili estas venkitaj soldatoj: milita balaaĵo.

En Irako nun kuŝas multaj miloj da mortaj korpoj de knaboj kaj viroj, pro kiuj la mondo ne ploras. La vera tragedio de la milito estas la senkompata, senkonscienca, indiferenta detruo de granda parto de generacio. ...

... Raportistoj kaj komentistoj parolis nur pri la milito inter la koalicio kaj Irako. Neniu diras ke usonaj, britaj kaj aŭstraliaj viroj batalis kontraŭ irakaj viroj. Kial ne? La respondo estas konsterne simpla: Estas memkompreneble, ke soldatviroj mortigas soldatvirojn! ...

En pasintaj tempoj pluraj scienculoj asertis, ke inklino al milito estas biologia faktoro en la vira sekso. Por tiu aserto mankas sciencaj pruvoj. ... La plej decida faktoro estas kultura. ...

En sia libro Awaking from deep sleep (Vekiĝinte el profunda dormo) la usona psikologo Robert Pasick skribis: Se usonaj viroj parolas pri intimo, tenero, mildo, ili pensas pri virinoj aŭ infanoj; preskaŭ neniam pri viroj, krom se ili estas samseksemaj. Iliaj rilatoj kun aliaj viroj, eĉ se amikaj, preskaŭ ĉiam havas konkuran elementon. Se estiĝas malkonkordo, la konkuro facile ŝanĝiĝas al agreso aŭ abrupta rompo de la amikeco. En momento la amiko fariĝas seninteresa, kvazaŭ la amikeco neniam ekzistis. ...

... En la usona kulturo la preteco de viroj elimini el sia vivo aliajn virojn faras ilin eksterordinare taŭgaj por elimini virojn, kiuj jam estas fremdaj, kiel estas la malamikaj soldatoj. La sorto de tiuj viroj simple ne interesas ilin. Certe ankaŭ la pli multaj eŭropaj kaj arabaj viroj estas same indiferentaj pri la sorto de la malamikaj samseksuloj sur la batalkampo. ...

Source: Leen DEIJ, Heroldo de Esperanto, 16-18 julio 2003

[ Je 2003-08-28, la nombro da koaliciaj mortintoj estas 330. Kiom el ili estis inoj? 2! Vidu U.S. & Coalition Casualties. ] [ Ah, on 2004-02-25, I see they've added breakdowns by various categories, including "gender"— so now I don't have to wade through all the pages, counting males and females, and guessing when the name and picture are unclear. Today, 516 males and 14 females. 97% male. Sheesh! If those numbers represented CEOs or millionaires or graduates or something, the feminists would be screaming for equality! ] [ This information can also be obtained via appropriate searches at this casualties database, and it's more up-to-date— for some reason, CNN's "gender" graph usually lags a month or two behind the other graphs, and all are usually at least a few weeks behind. Unfortunately, the casualties database itself lags CNN by a week or so. On 2004-04-27, the casualties database lists 755 males and 17 females; according to CNN, the total is currently 828, with no additional females. Thus, 98% male. ]

Your Money Or Your Life

[Jack Benny said...] In my opinion (which I value highly) the finest joke I ever did on radio was this one. Walking home at night. Sound effects of my footsteps. Then somebody else's footsteps - behind me. Holdup man shoves a gun in my ribs. He snarls "Your money or your life." There was a pause while I mulled over the question. He got impatient. "Come on, hurry up." he says. "I'm thinking it over." I reply, obviously burned up by this thief's haste.

[Background. Here is how the joke was created. Milt Josefsberg and John Tackaberry were working on the script...] Josefsberg said "John, I think I got a funny thief line. There's this holdup man, with a gun, and he says to Jack, 'Your money or your life.' - But I can't come up with a funny answer." "Neither can I." replied Tackaberry. Josefsberg began repeating the feeder line over and over: "Your money or your life. Your money or your life. Your money...". "Stop nagging," yelled Tackaberry, "I'M THINKING IT OVER." Josefsberg pounded his partner on the back and said "That is the best line you ever wrote in your life!". "What line?" Tackaberry asked.

Source: Sunday Nights at Seven, the Jack Benny Story - Jack Benny & Joan Benny

Zen Flies

In San Francisco during the early fifties fly fishing was an important part of the Beat scene. Widespread interest in Buddhism and nature naturally led to Zen Flies. It was admittedly a passing phenomenon - as one angler-poet later explained in City Lights Review: "It got to where the perfect cast meant no cast. Eventually we just went swimming."

Source: Tricycle, Summer 1997

17 Septembro 2006 modifita, de Ailanto kompilita.