Trigon in Circle

THE MANEUVER ENEMY



From the 1950s through the 1970s, Esperanto was used by the US Army for war games, as the language of the "Maneuver Enemy", also known as the "Aggressor". The goal was an added touch of realism, with the enemy speaking a "foreign" language. Spanish was the original candidate for Aggressor's national language, but it was soon superseded by Esperanto.

Ĉu vi parolas la Agresantan?
Military Info Publishing - Manuals and such, offers the Esperanto Aggressor manual
+ Dictionaries (Military) Photocopies - Esperanto Aggressor manual is here
+ Wargaming Military Manual Photocopies - A collection of Aggressor manuals is here
Army Forces Patches History 2 - Look for Aggressor

Field manuals of particular interest...

  • THE MANEUVER ENEMY (FM 30-101)
  • ESPERANTO, THE AGGRESSOR LANGUAGE (FM 30-101-1)
  • HANDBOOK ON AGGRESSOR MILITARY FORCES (FM 30-102)
  • AGGRESSOR ORDER OF BATTLE (FM 30-103)
3 Decembro 2011 modifita, de Ailanto verkita.